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When is the Next General Election in Ireland?

The next Irish general election will be held no later than 22 March 2025. It will elect 174 seats in Dáil Éireann, with 88 seats needed for a majority.

The current Taoiseach is Simon Harris of Fine Gael, leading a coalition government of Fianna Fáil, Fine Gael, and the Green Party.

The Electoral (Amendment) Act 2023 will increase the number of TDs to 174 and the number of constituencies to 43, making it the largest Dáil in history.

The 33rd Dáil must be dissolved by the president at the request of the Taoiseach no later than 19 February 2025.

When is the Next General Election in Ireland?

Election Process in Ireland

The election process in Ireland follows the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote (PR-STV). This method allows voters to mark candidates in order of preference, ensuring a more representative outcome. Here’s a step-by-step breakdown of the election process:

  1. Voters rank candidates: Each voter has the opportunity to indicate their preference by ranking candidates in order.
  2. Calculating the quota: The quota is determined by dividing the number of valid votes by one more than the number of available seats.
  3. Candidates exceeding the quota: Candidates who reach or exceed the quota based on first-preference votes are elected.
  4. Redistributing preferences: If there aren’t enough candidates reaching the quota, the candidate with the fewest votes is eliminated. Their preferences are then redistributed to the remaining candidates.
  5. Continuing the process: This process of eliminating candidates and redistributing preferences continues until all seats are filled.

The election timetable in Ireland is regulated by law. The election must take place between 18 to 25 days after the writs have been moved. This ensures a fair and efficient electoral process.

It’s important to note that the outgoing Ceann Comhairle, the chairperson of Dáil Éireann, is automatically returned unless they announce their retirement. This allows for continuity in leadership during the election process.

Now that you understand the election process in Ireland, let’s delve into the constituency revision and the electoral system in the next section.

ireland voting timetable

Constituency Revision and Electoral System

The Electoral Commission proposed a Dáil size of 174 TDs to be elected across 43 Dáil constituencies. This is the first review of constituencies carried out by the Commission established under the Electoral Reform Act 2022. The preliminary results of the 2022 census showed a population of over 5.1 million, requiring a minimum Dáil size of 171 TDs. The electoral system in Ireland uses the single transferable vote, where voters rank candidates in order of preference. The quota is determined by dividing the number of valid votes by one more than the number of seats.

constituency revision

Constituency Revision

The Electoral Commission has played a crucial role in the constituency revision process in Ireland. As per the Electoral Reform Act 2022, the Commission conducted the first comprehensive review of constituencies to accommodate the evolving demographics and ensure fair representation for all citizens.

The proposed allocation of 174 TDs across 43 Dáil constituencies reflects the changing population dynamics and electoral requirements. By increasing the number of constituencies and TDs, the Electoral Commission aims to maintain an equitable distribution of representation in the Dáil.

Electoral System: Single Transferable Vote

The electoral system in Ireland operates on the principle of proportional representation using the single transferable vote (PR-STV). Under this system, voters have the freedom to rank candidates in order of preference on their ballot papers.

The single transferable vote system offers voters a greater level of choice and empowers them to express their preferences beyond just selecting one candidate. This promotes a more diverse and inclusive political landscape.

The calculation of the quota is an essential aspect of the single transferable vote system. The quota is determined by dividing the total valid votes by one more than the number of seats to be filled. Candidates who reach or exceed the quota are elected, and any surplus votes are transferred to the next preferred candidate on the voter’s ballot. This redistribution process ensures that votes are not wasted and that the final outcome accurately represents the preferences of the electorate.

Benefits of the Single Transferable Vote System

“The single transferable vote system in Ireland provides numerous advantages, including:

  • Promoting an inclusive democracy by allowing voters to select multiple preferred candidates.
  • Ensuring diverse representation by accommodating a range of political ideologies and perspectives.
  • Minimizing wasted votes, as preferences are transferred to other candidates if the initial choice does not reach the quota.
  • Encouraging candidates to appeal to a wider constituency, as surplus votes can significantly impact the final outcome.
  • Fostering a higher degree of voter engagement and participation, as voters have a more active role in determining election outcomes.”
Constituency Number of TDs
Dublin Central 3
Cork South-West 3
Donegal 5
Galway West 4
Kerry 3

The table above illustrates the allocation of TDs in selected constituencies in Ireland. Each constituency has a varying number of TDs assigned based on factors such as population size and geographic considerations. This ensures proportional representation and allows for a diverse range of voices to be heard in the legislative process.

Current Political Landscape in Ireland

The current seats in Dáil Éireann showcase the distribution of power among various political parties. As of now, Fianna Fáil and Sinn Féin both hold 36 seats, making them the largest parties in terms of parliamentary representation. Fine Gael follows closely with 34 seats, while the Green Party has secured 12 seats.

Other political parties that have secured seats in the Dáil include Labour with 7 seats, Social Democrats with 6 seats, PBP-Solidarity with 5 seats, Independent Ireland with 3 seats, Aontú and Right to Change with 1 seat each. Additionally, there are 18 Independent seats.

The current leaders of some prominent parties are as follows: Micheál Martin leads Fianna Fáil, Mary Lou McDonald leads Sinn Féin, and Simon Harris leads Fine Gael. These leaders play a significant role in shaping policies and decision-making processes within their respective parties.

Political Party Seats Leader
Fianna Fáil 36 Micheál Martin
Sinn Féin 36 Mary Lou McDonald
Fine Gael 34 Simon Harris
Green Party 12 N/A
Labour 7 N/A
Social Democrats 6 N/A
PBP-Solidarity 5 N/A
Independent Ireland 3 N/A
Aontú 1 N/A
Right to Change 1 N/A
Independent 18 N/A

Understanding the current political landscape helps to gauge the dynamics of power and decision-making within the Dáil. These seat allocations and party leaders provide insight into the potential alliances and political maneuvering that can shape the future trajectory of Ireland’s political landscape.

Current Political Landscape in Ireland


In summary, the upcoming general election in Ireland is scheduled to take place no later than 22 March 2025. The election process will follow the single transferable vote system, and recent constituency revisions have led to an increase in the number of TDs and constituencies. Currently, Fianna Fáil and Sinn Féin hold the most seats in Dáil Éireann, shaping the political landscape.

To stay informed about the latest developments in Irish politics and prepare for the upcoming general election in Ireland, it is crucial to follow the news, familiarize yourself with the parties and their platforms, and participate in the civic discourse surrounding important issues. As the election date approaches, keep an eye out for candidate announcements, policy proposals, and debates that can help you make an informed decision when casting your vote.

Remember, the general election provides an opportunity for Irish citizens to shape the future of their country and influence policies that impact their lives. By actively engaging in the electoral process, voters can ensure their voices are heard and contribute to the democratic foundation of Ireland.

What is the constituency revision in Ireland?

The Electoral (Amendment) Act 2023 will increase the number of TDs to 174 and the number of constituencies to 43, making it the largest Dáil in history.

What is the electoral system in Ireland?

The electoral system in Ireland uses the single transferable vote, where voters rank candidates in order of preference.What are the major political parties in Ireland?The major political parties in Ireland are Fianna Fáil, Sinn Féin, Fine Gael, the Green Party, Labour, and Social Democrats.
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